A multi-disciplinary exploration of the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes that cycle the nutrient elements through the Earth system and thereby maintain a habitable planet.
This course will explore the history of the Earth's climate, covering methods for reconstructing past climate and the mechanisms behind these climate changes.
This course provides a foundation for understanding the physical principles of remote sensing of the atmosphere and oceans. The course is designed as a collection of lectures and computer modeling laboratories. The lectures focus on the fundamentals of the interactions between electromagnetic radiation and atmospheric gases, aerosols and clouds, and ocean surfaces, covering the spectrum from the ultraviolet through the microwave. The labs provide hands-on experience in using remote sensing data for various applications in atmospheric and oceanic sciences. Topics to be covered include aerosol and cloud property retrievals, ozone and air pollution characterization, vertical temperature and humidity profile retrievals, sea ice characterization, and retrievals of ocean color and sea surface temperature. The main goal of the course is to provide a broad conceptual framework for physical understanding the methodology and applications of remote sensing.
Fundamental principles of chemical equilibria in geochemical systems with emphasis on solution properties and mineral water equilibria.
Fundamental principles of biogeochemical kinetics and mathematical treatment of coupled transport and reaction in natural environments. Interpretation of field and experimental data using kinetic theory.
Chemical processes that regulate compositions of natural waters at or near the Earth's surface, with emphasis on quantitative calculations of acid-base, solubility, and redox equilibria.
Biogeochemical significance of nuclear isotopes, both radioactive and stable.
Study of the dynamics of large-scale ocean circulation, air-sea interaction and their roles in biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nutrients.