Bracco, Dr. Annalisa


Bracco, Dr. Annalisa

Professor & Co-Director, Program Ocean Science & Engineering

Research Interests

  • Ocean mesoscale dynamics: Coherent structures and their role in setting transport and mixing properties of passive (for example floats) and active (i.e plankton) tracers. Vertical mixing at the mesoscales.
  • Climate variability and the role of the oceans at interannual and decadal scales


  • AMS Nicholas Fofonoff Award, 2011
  • NSF Student and Young Scientist Award Grant, 2001
  • Postdoctoral Scholar Award at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, 2000


  • Ph.D., Geophysics and Geology, University of Genova, 2001
  • B.S., Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Torino, 1995



Bracco A., McWilliams, J.C (2010) Reynolds number dependency in equilibrium two-dimensional turbulence. J. Fluid Mechanics. In Press

Koszalka, I.*, Ceballos, L.*, Bracco A. Vertical mixing and coherent anticyclones in the ocean: The role of stratification. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics. In Press


Koszalka I.*, Bracco A., McWilliams, J.C., Provenzale A. (2009) Dynamics of wind-forced coherent anticyclones in the open ocean. J. Geophysical Research – Oceans, doi:10.1029/2009JC005388, 114, C08011, doi:10.1029/2009JC005388.

Di Lorenzo, E., Fiechter J., Schneider N., Bracco A., Miller A. J., Franks P. J. S., Bograd S. J., Moore A. M., Thomas A., Crawford  W., Pena A., Herman A., (2009) Nutrient and Salinity Decadal Variations in the central and eastern North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2009GL038261.

Kucharski F., Bracco A., Yoo J.H., Tompkins A., Feudale L., Ruti P., dell'Aquila  A. (2009) A Gill-Mastuno-type mechanism explains the Tropical Atlantic influence on African and Indian Monsoon rainfall. Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., 135, 569-579, doi:10.1002/qj.406.

Wang C., Kucharski F., Barimalala R.*, Bracco A. (2009) Teleconnections of the Tropical Atlantic to the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans:A Review of Recent Findings. Special Issue of Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18, 445-454, doi 10.1127/0941

Bracco A, Clayton S.*, Pasquero C. (2009) Horizontal advection, diffusion and plankton spectra at the sea surface. Journal of Geophysical Research – Ocean, 114, C02001, doi:10.1029/2007JC004671

Furtado J. C., Di Lorenzo E., Cobb K., Bracco A. (2009) Paleoclimate reconstructions of tropical seas surface temperatures from precipitation proxies: Methods, uncertainties and nonstationarity. Journal of Climat,. 22(5),1104-1123, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2415.1


Bracco, A., Pedlosky J., Pickart R. S. (2008) Eddy formation near the West coast of  Greenland  Journal of Physical Oceanography,  38(9), 1992-2002

Kucharski F.,  Bracco A.,  Yoo J.H.,  Molteni F. (2008)  The Atlantic forced component of the Indian Monsoon interannual variability Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35 L04706, doi:10129/2007GL033037. Also American Geophysical Union Editor Highlights, March 19 2008, EOS Highlights (89(16), April 15 2008, pg. 154 and Global Change collection Highlights)


Koszalka I.*, Bracco A., Pasquero C., Provenzale A. (2007) Plankton cycles disguised by turbulent advection. Theoretical Population Biology. doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.03.007

Kucharski F., Bracco A., Yoo J. H. and Molteni F. (2007) Low frequency variability of the Indian Monsoon – ENSO relation and the Tropical Atlantic. The ‘weakening’ of the ‘80s and ‘90s. Journal of Climate, 20(16), 4255-4266

Bracco A., Kucharski F., Molteni F., Hazeleger W., Severijns C., (2007)  A recipe for simulating the interannual variability of the Asian summer monsoon and its relation with ENSO. Climate dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s000382-006-0190-0.


Kucharski F.,  Molteni F., Bracco A. (2006) Decadal interactions between the Western tropical Pacific and the North Atlantic Oscillation Climate Dynamics, 26(1), 79-91, doi:10.1007/s000382-005-0085-5


Bracco A., Kucharski F., Molteni F., Hazeleger W., Severijns C., (2005)  Internal and forced modes of variability in the Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L12707, doi: 10.1029/2005GL023154.

Pasquero C., Bracco A., Provenzale A. (2005) Impact of the spatio-temporal variability of the nutrient flux on primary productivity in the ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 110, C07005, doi:10.129/2004JC002738.

Kucharski, F.  Molteni F., Bracco A. (2005). A western tropical Pacific relation to the NAO. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86(10),  1418-1419


Bracco A., Kucharski F., Kallummal R., Molteni F. (2004) Internal variability, external forcing and climate trends in multi-decadal AGCM ensembles Climate Dynamics, 23(6), 659-678, doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0465-2

Bracco A., von Hardenberg J., Provenzale A., Weiss J., McWilliams J.C. (2004) Dispersion and mixing in quasigeostrophic turbulence. Physical Review Letters, 92 (8), 084501-1-4 


Bracco A., Chassignet E. P., Garraffo Z., Provenzale A. (2003) Lagrangian velocity distributions in a high resolution numerical simulation of the North Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 8, 1212-1220 

Bracco A., Pedlosky J. (2003) Local baroclinic instabilities over variable topography in channel flows. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33,  207-219


Martin A., Richards J. K., Bracco A., Provenzale A. (2002) Patchy productivity in the open ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(2) 10.1029/2001GB001449 Also in Editor's Choice: Biogeosciences, July 2002. 

Berloff P., McWilliams J. C., Bracco A. (2002) Material Transport in Oceanic Gyres. Part I: Phenomenology. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, 764-796.


Bracco A., McWilliams J. C.,  Murante G., Provenzale A., Weiss J. B. (2000) Revisiting 2D turbulence at millennial resolution. Physics of Fluids, 12(11), 2931-2941

Bracco A., LaCasce J., Pasquero C., Provenzale  A. (2000) Velocity PDFs in barotropic turbulence, Physics of Fluids, 12, 2478-2488.

Bracco A., LaCasce J., Provenzale A. (2000) Velocity probability density functions for oceanic floats. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 461-474.

Bracco A., Provenzale, I. Scheuring, (2000) Mesoscale vortices and the paradox of the plankton. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B., 267 (1454), 1795-1800.

Bracco A. (2000) Boundary layer separation in the Surface Quasi-Geostrophic equations. Nuovo Cimento C, 23 (5), 487-506.

Bracco A. (2000) Transport of passive tracers by monopoles on the beta-plane. Nuovo Cimento C, 23 (6), 597-609.


Bracco A., Chavanis P., Provenzale A, Spiegel E. A (1999) Particle aggregation in a turbulent keplerian flow.  Physics of Fluids, 11, 2280-2291.

Contact Information

ES&T 3256


  • Co-Director, Program in Ocean Science & Engineering (OSE)